Wie man übersetzt «Bruchtektonik - Fracture tectonics»


Fracture tectonics

Outline of plate tectonics

Plate tectonics is a scientific theory that describes the large-scale movement of seven major plates and motion a greater quantity of smaller plates of the earths lithosphere, since tectonic processes on Earth between 3.3 and 3.5 billion years ago. The model is based on the concept of continental drift, the idea was developed during the first decades of the 20th century. Geosciences the conventional tectonic theory spreading was approved in the late 1950s and early 1960-ies. The lithosphere, which is the hard outer shell of the planet earths crust and upper mantle, broken into tectonic plates. Earths lithosphere consists of seven or eight major plates, depending on the method of their estimation and a variety of small plates. Where plates meet, their relative motion determines the type of boundary: convergent, divergent, or transform. Earthquakes, volcanic activity, mountains and oceanic trenches of education occur along these plate boundaries or faults. The relative movement of the plates typically varies from zero to 100 mm per year. Tectonic plates are composed of oceanic lithosphere and thicker continental lithosphere, each topped with a kind of crust. Along convergent boundaries, subduction, or one plate moves under another, realize lower down into the mantle, the material lost approximately balanced by the formation of new oceanic crust along divergent boundaries seafloor spreading. Thus, the total surface of the lithosphere remains constant. This prediction of plate tectonics is also referred to as the principle of a conveyor belt. Earlier theories, since disproven, suggested a gradual reduction in the reduction or the gradual expansion of the globe. Tectonic plates can move because earths lithosphere has greater mechanical strength than the underlying asthenosphere. Lateral density variations in the mantle result in convection, that is, slowly creeping motion of Earth solid mantle. Plate movement is believed to be due to a combination of the movement of the seabed from spreading due to differences in the topography of the ridge is a topographic high density and changes within the crust the density increases as newly formed crust cools and moves away from the ridge. In subduction zones is relatively cold, dense crust is pulled out or falls into the mantle above the limb down from the convecting cells in the mantle. Another explanation lies in different forces generated by the tidal forces of the Sun and moon. The relative importance of each of these factors and their relationship to each other is unclear, and are still the subject of much debate.


Chopart's fracture–dislocation

Choparts fracture–dislocation is a dislocation of the middle hock joints of the foot, often associated with fractures of the calcaneus, cuboid and navicular.


Depth of focus (tectonics)

In seismology, the depth of focus and the focal depth refers to the depth at which an earthquake occurs. Earthquakes occurring at depths less than 70 km are classified as shallow focus earthquakes, while those with a lesion depth between 70 km and 300 km are usually called Mid-trick or mid-depth of the earthquakes. In subduction zones, where older and colder oceanic crust descends beneath another tectonic plate, deep focus earthquakes may occur at much greater depths in the mantle, ranging from 300 km to 700 km. The cause of deep focus earthquakes is still not entirely clear, as are defined lithosphere at that pressure and temperature regime should not have a brittle behavior. Possible mechanism of generation of deep-focus earthquakes faults caused by olivine undergoing a phase transition in the spinel structure, with which they are believed to be related. Earthquakes at this depth of focus, typically occur at oceanic-continental convergent boundary, along the Wadati–Benioff zones.

Plume tectonics

Plume tectonics

Plume tectonics Geosciences is a theory that finds its roots in the concept of Dominga mantle, which was especially popular in the 1930-ies and did not initially accept major movement of tectonic plates and continental drift. He survived from the 1970s to the present day in various forms and presentations. It gradually developed into a concept that recognises and accepts large scale plate motions such as envisaged in plate tectonics, but placing them in a framework where large mantle plumes are the primary driving force of the system. The original followers of the concept during the first half of the 20th century, several scientists, as Belousov and Van Bemmelen, and in recent years this concept has gained interest, especially in Japan, thanks to a new compilation of work on paleomagnetism, and still advocaded a group of scientists to develop the land expansion. It is in our time generally not accepted as the main theory to explain the driving forces behind tectonic plate movements, despite the many play of the concept have been proposed. The theory focuses on the movements of mantle plumes under tectonic plates viewing them as the main driving force of the movement of the earth crust. In a more modern form, born in the 1970-ies, he tries to reconcile in one single geodynamic model horizontalistic concept of plate tectonics, and the concept verticalistic mantle plumes, gravity will move the insert from the main domes of the earths crust. The existence of various supercontinents in Earths history and their breakup was linked recently with a major upwelling of the mantle. It is classified together with the mantle convection as one of the mechanisms that are used to explain the movement of tectonic plates. It also shows similarities with the concept of "hot spots", which is used in modern plate teconics to create a framework specific mantle upwelling points that are relatively stable over time and are used to calibrate the movements of the plate, using their placement with paleomagnetic data. Another similarity is the concept of surge tectonics, which involve flows over the mantle as the main driving forces of plate tectonics.


Cloud Tectonics

Cloud tectonics of the play by Jose Rivera, a fabulous love story of two main characters of Celestine, aníbal de La Luna and del Sol. It is located in Los Angeles, most of the action taking place in Anibals house. It is somewhat archetypal "boy meets girl" story - but he really said master form. Rivera puts magical realism studied screenwriting with Gabriel garcía márquez at the Sundance Institute in 1989, to use in the game, distorting our understanding of time, space, and even, although not to the same degree of safety. In addition, it uses poetic and sometimes absurd language to enhance the characters and the world game.



Tectonics, the meaning regarding building) is the process that controls the structure and properties of the earths crust and its evolution in time. In particular, it describes the processes of mountain building, the growth and behavior of the Strong, Old cores of continents known as cratons, and the ways in which the relatively rigid plates that form the outer shell of the Earth interact with each other. Tectonics also provides a framework for understanding earthquake and volcanic belts which directly affect much of the worlds population. Tectonic studies are important as guides for economic geologists in the search for fossil fuels and ore deposits of metallic and nonmetallic resources. Understanding tectonic principles is important for geomorphologists to explain the patterns of erosion and other surface features of the Earth.


Heat-pipe tectonics

Heat-pipe tectonics is the cooling of terrestrial planets, in which the primary heat transfer mechanism in the Planet volcanism through the outer hard shell, also called the lithosphere. Heat-pipe tectonics begins when volcanic activity becomes the dominant process of heat transfer surface. Melted rocks and other more volatile planetary materials are transferred from the mantle to the surface via localized holes. Melts to cool and harden, forming layers of cold volcanic materials. Flared materials Deposit on the top and bury the old layers. The accumulation of volcanic layers in the shell and the corresponding evacuation materials in depth leads to shifting down of surface materials such that the shell materials continuously to get down inside of the planet. Heat-pipe tectonics was first introduced based on the observations on IO, one of Jupiters moons. IO is a rocky body which is internally very hot, the heat is provided by tidal flexing associated with its eccentric orbit. It produces inner heat through frequent and intense volcanic eruptions that melt transfer to the surface. His bark is a thick, dense and cold outer shell made from layers of volcanic material, stiffness and strength which supports weight of a high mountain. Observations show that similar processes occurred in the early history of other terrestrial planets in the Solar system, i.e., Venus, Moon, Mars, mercury and the Earth, indicating that they can save resources on heat pipes proof. Every terrestrial body in our Solar system may have had heat-pipes tectonics at some point, the heat-tube tectonics may be a universal mode before the cooling of the terrestrial bodies.

High (tectonics)

High (tectonics)

High in structural Geology and tectonics of the area where tectonic uplift has occurred in comparison with its surroundings. Highs are often limited discharges and can be considered as opposites pools. A related word is an array, in an area where relatively old strata of rocks were found on the surface. How to call Horst. Due to the relative uplift of the premises for the sediments was relatively small and high will be thinner sedimentary layers deposited on it compared to surrounding basins. Thus, the highs are not good places to study sequence stratigraphy as a sequence may be less detailed or absent.


Indenter tectonics

Tectonics of the indenter, also known as escape tectonics, the branch of shear tectonics, which involves the collision and deformation of two continental plates. This can be seen in many situations around the world and is associated with high metamorphism and extensive lateral displacement of the layers along oblique strike-slip faults

Volcano tectonics

Volcano tectonics

Volcano tectonics is a scientific field that uses techniques and methods structural Geology, tectonics, and physics to analyze and interpret physical processes and associated deformation in zones of volcanic activity, on any scale. These processes can be 1) magma-induced or, conversely, 2) control the distribution of magmatic and installation. In the first case the process has a local degree, usually in a volcanic area. Typical examples include the development of springs and calderas, pit craters, dikes, Sills, laccoliths, igneous, volcanic faults, volcanic rift zones, and any kind of dynamics the slope of the volcano, including the collapse of the sector. In the second case, the control process of the magma may have a regional dimension, as well as outside the volcanic area. The following are typical examples of activities of regional faults and earthquakes along divergent, convergent, and transform plate boundaries: the continental, transitional and oceanic rifts, magmatic arcs and back arcs, as well as of any intraplate structure possibly controlling volcanism. The study of these processes is not limited to the earths crust. In fact, a growing number of studies consider and Volcano-tectonic features of extraterrestrial bodies, including Venus, Mars and Jupiters moon IO. As the volcano is, in a broad sense, of the volcanic edifice, Sewerage and magmatic reservoir of the Volcano-Tectonics is not limited to surface processes, but also includes any subsurface process in the ore-bearing rocks related to shallower and deeper plumbing system of the volcano. The latter may be directly available at the weakened part of the active volcanoes, or, more often, extinct eroded volcanoes. The main purpose of Volcano-tectonics is to capture smaller and deeper structure of volcanoes, the establishment of the General stress-strain relationship between magma and host rocks, ultimately, to understand how volcanoes work in their regional context. This approach allows us to determine the dynamic behaviour of active volcanoes during periods of unrest and clashes, and thus be able to make reliable projections of likely scenarios. The volcano-Tectonics combines the knowledge and experience of a wide range of techniques. Among them, first and foremost, structural Geology, typically in the scale of the outcrops, tectonics, as a rule, on a regional scale, surveying of active volcanoes, Geophysics, remote sensing, optical and thermal, modeling and analytical, numerical and analog models. Also involved more of Volcanology-oriented techniques, including stratigraphy, Petrology, Geochemistry and geochronology. The data, however, are of little use if they cannot be interpreted and understood within the framework of a reasonable model or theory of behavior of the volcano. Quantitative and testable models must, in the end, to be associated with a physical theory, and thus to physics. In Volcano-tectonics, as in solid-earth Geophysics in General, the basic physical theories are those that arise from continuum mechanics. For solid-earth Sciences, mainly solid mechanics, including rock mechanics, fracture mechanics and General Tectonophysics, and fluid mechanics, including fluid transport in the fractures of rocks.

  • Mit Bruchtektonik oder Bruchschollentektonik werden geodynamische Prozesse bezeichnet, bei denen Erdkrusten bereiche, sogenannte Bruchschollen, sich entlang
  • vorherrschenden geologischen Strukturen lassen sich unterscheiden: Störungs - oder Bruchtektonik Nahe der Erdoberfläche führen seitlicher Druck, aber auch Druckentlastung
  • Basin and Range Province im westlichen Nordamerika. Graben Geologie Bruchtektonik Horst. In: Jacob Grimm, Wilhelm Grimm: Deutsches Wörterbuch. S. Hirzel
  • Ferdinand Enke Verlag, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3 - 432 - 99251 - 3, S. 57 69. Bruchtektonik Walter Bischoff, Heinz Bramann: Das kleine Bergbaulexikon. Hrsg.: Westfälische
  • Schichtausfall. Durch Abschiebung kann im Gelände eine Pultscholle entstehen. Bruchtektonik Aufschiebung Überschiebung Walter Bischoff, Heinz Bramann: Das kleine
  • teilweise auch in Kammrichtung eben. Beispiele für Pultschollengebirge Erzgebirge Harz Schwarzwald und Vogesen Wiehengebirge Appalachen Bruchtektonik
  • Als Staffelbruch wird in der geologischen Bruchtektonik eine zusammenhängende gestaffelte Folge von tektonischen Verwerfungen in der oberen Erdkruste
  • Die saxonische Bruchschollentektonik auch saxonische Bruchtektonik oder fälschlicherweise saxonische Orogenese und saxonische Gebirgsbildung genannt
  • einer Diapthorese unterzogen. Die Gesteine wurden zudem durch eine Bruchtektonik deformiert. Am Wartschenbach ist diese Verformung insbesondere im östlichen
  • hinziehen, wie zum Beispiel die San - Andreas - Verwerfung in Kalifornien. Bruchtektonik Gebirgsbildung Hebung Geologie Transformstörung Günter Möbus: Tektonik
  • Fernerkundung, Mineralisation an hydrothermalen Lagerstätten und Tektonik Bruchtektonik Seismotektonik 2015 erhielt er die Serge - von - Bubnoff - Medaille. mit
  • Mesozoikums erhalten. Im Laufe der weiteren Erdgeschichte folgte die Bruchtektonik welche die heutige Gestalt der noch vorhandenen deutschen Mittelgebirge
  • Risse und Spannungsfelder entstanden, die zu Brüchen und Einsenkungen Bruchtektonik geführt haben: dabei sind beispielsweise das Tarimbecken in Xinjiang
  • wurde er mit der Dissertationsschrift Untersuchungen zur quartären Bruchtektonik der Niederrheinischen Bucht in Köln promoviert. Ab 1961 erhielt Ahorner
  • Quartärgeologie geologisch - sedimentologische Folgen der Eiszeiten und die Bruchtektonik die beide zur Ausbildung vieler flacher, dicht bewohnter Lebensräume
  • Trias wieder zu vulkanischer Tätigkeit, welche ebenfalls an eine starke Bruchtektonik gekoppelt war. So gab es im Ladinium im Bereich der Dolomiten starke
  • die Westseite des Patscherkofels von einer starken Abschiebungs - und Bruchtektonik überprägt worden. So ist die Kuppe des Grünbichls nördlich des Patscherkofels
  • ausgeprägten Überschiebungstektonik und einer überprägenden jüngeren Bruchtektonik kommt eine starke Faltungstektonik. Im GroSteil des Gebietes liegen
  • Geländeoberfläche flach ist oder nur geringe Neigungen aufweist. Das Auftreten von Bruchtektonik mit der Bildung von Horsten und Gräben sowie die Erosion einer groSräumigen
  • beginnt mit Ende der kompressiven Bewegungen mit gravitativ verursachter Bruchtektonik Dabei kommt es eventuell auch zum Abgang von Gleitdecken nahe der Oberfläche
  • bruchhaften Verformung bezeichnet. Die entsprechende Tektonik wird als Bruchtektonik bezeichnet. Verwerfungen sind daher stets im obersten Teil der Erdkruste
  • Zechstein entstanden bei der Thüringer Gebirgsbildung durch schräge Bruchtektonik im Übergangsbereich von Trias Buntsandstein und Zechstein. Erwähnt
  • SüSwasser drängen in geringen Abständen nach oben. Durch eine komplexe Bruchtektonik in diesem Teil der Ténéré - Wüste dringt Wasser aus groSen Tiefen durch
  • durch Faltung und Zerbrechen der Decken Rocky Mountains durch reine Bruchtektonik entstehen folgende Formen: Blockgebirge Bruchgebirge Schollengebirge
  • Lahnmulde und ihrer benachbarten geologischen Strukturen wurden durch Bruchtektonik abgesenkt, und bilden in einigen hundert Metern unter der Oberfläche
  • überwiegend in der Kreidezeit und im Tertiär stattfanden, gingen mit Bruchtektonik einher. Die abgesenkten Bereiche am Kontinentalrand bilden die heutigen
  • Grenzfläche hingegen steil. Teilweise wurde diese Deckengrenze von jüngerer Bruchtektonik erfasst und wird nach Süden hin nochmals komplizierter. Am Ostrand des
  • sehr intensiv mit mehreren Faltungen und Abscherungen sowie spröder Bruchtektonik im Endstadium. Das Anstehende besteht aus steilstehenden Sandsteinen
  • Setzungsrate von 3 mm pro Jahr. Ludwig Ahorner: Untersuchungen zur quartären Bruchtektonik der Niederrheinischen Bucht. In: Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart. Band 13
  • und magmatischen Granodiorit - Intrusionen. In Verbindung mit starker Bruchtektonik trat eine wahrscheinlich zweiphasige Gangvererzung auf. Mächtige Pyrit
  • als Riedel bezeichnet. Im Laufe der weiteren Erdgeschichte folgte die Bruchtektonik welche die heute noch vorhandenen Mittelgebirge prägte. Knapp vor dem
  • duktilen Phase und mit fortschreitender Abkühlung setzte im Leukogranit Bruchtektonik ein, welche sich in Verwerfungen und einem ausgeprägten Kluftsystem
  • hat der Sulcus 14 parallele Furchen, südlich hingegen 20, was durch Bruchtektonik unterschiedlicher Zeiträume erklärt werden kann. Ganymeds Albedo beträgt
  • Extrusion selber nicht von Störungen betroffen ist, muss sie nach der Bruchtektonik im oberen Miozän erfolgt sein. Es lassen sich hierbei zwei Stadien unterscheiden:
  • Adelebsen in Niedersachsen reichenden Nordhessischen Vulkangebiets mit der Bruchtektonik verbunden, die im Tertiär zur Entstehung der Niederhessischen Senke
  • verlaufende Marienbader Störung geprägt. An dieser tief reichenden Bruchtektonik kommt es zu Wegigkeiten für aufsteigendes Wasser besonders in Zusammenhang
  • sowie tertiäre und quartäre Lockergesteine. Es liegt eine ausgeprägte Bruchtektonik vor die durchfahrenen Tonschiefer weisen infolge starker tektonischer
  • Schichtpaket fällt durchschnittlich 30 gegen Westen und wird von einer Bruchtektonik mit Hauptrichtung Ost - West bestimmt. Der Bergzug ist in einzelne Blöcke
  • Mittelsiegtal ein und entstanden durch die variszischen Faltentektonik. Die Bruchtektonik der Siegburger Bucht wird auf die Wende Oligozän Miozän etwa 24 Mio
  • gleichzeitig erfolgender Granitisation kam es im Kasimovium zu spätorogener Bruchtektonik Die entstehenden Einbruchsbecken von meist nur geringer Ausdehnung
  • Harbor in den Long Island Sound. Die Ridge von West Rock entstand durch Bruchtektonik Ein enormer Dyke drückte Lavaströme mit einer Mächtigkeit von mehreren
  • über den ersten Zyklus. Die Schichtlücke wurde von Horst - und - Graben - Bruchtektonik verursacht und wird mit der Saalischen Phase assoziiert. Die Tarviser
  • durch weiträumige Deckentransporte geprägt, im Süden überwiegen jedoch Bruchtektonik und kurze Überschiebungsweiten. Der ältere prävariszische Sedimentationszyklus
  • anderen begünstigte die durch die Fernwirkung der Alpenbildung bedingte Bruchtektonik in Mitteleuropa durch Druckentlastung Aufschmelzungsprozesse im angehobenen
  • 27 - 132, 22 Abb., 2 Tab., 2 Tat Hannover. 1955 Mit W. Peltz: Die Bruchtektonik des Braunkohlengebietes der Ville nach neueren Bohrergebnissen. In:
  • Kristallin In der Zechsteinzeit überflutete ein Meer das Restgebirge. Die Bruchtektonik führte zu Entstehung des Thüringer Waldes. In diesem Zusammenhang entstanden
  • Lahnmulde und ihrer benachbarten geologischen Strukturen wurden durch Bruchtektonik abgesenkt und bilden in einigen hundert Metern unter der Oberfläche
  • stellen gute Ackerstandorte. Die im westlichen Stadtgebiet gelegene durch Bruchtektonik etwas herausgehobene Kempener Platte hat eine etwa 1 m dicke Deckschicht
  • Neuseeland geformt haben. Die Berglandschaften der Nordinsel sind von Bruchtektonik und Vulkanismus bestimmt, wobei flachere Regionen ihre Prägungen durch
  • deren Bildung im Zusammenhang mit permomesozoischer und alpidischer Bruchtektonik steht. Zu den prävariszisch angelegten Lagerstätten zählt der berühmte

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